论文修改Proofreading技巧:英文论文写作如何提高用词准确度?

尽管每个国家的学习方式和要求都有所不同,但在英文论文写作中,对用词准确度的要求大致都是一样的。在进行论文修改Proofreading时,非常关键的一点是准确用词。今天SimpleTense就来和大家聊一聊,如何提高英文论文写作的用词准确度。

要确保英文论文写作用词的准确性,首先要理解单词的正确意思。只有理解正确,才可以使用正确。另外,不要贪图使用复杂的词语。很多同学在选择词语的时候喜欢在一组近义词当中选择最长的,觉得这样可以展示自己的词汇量。结果往往是词不达意,不适合语境。比如,如果说一个东西对另外一个东西有影响,我们可以说a negative effect, an adverse effect, a damaging effect, a devastating effect, a destructive effect等等。但要注意,像a damaging effect, a devastating effect, a destructive effect都是表达影响程度比较大的,比如说环境问题、自然灾害等等。如果你想说你考试不及格,用devastating effect那就是夸大其词了。

另外,要注意近义词和近形词的区分。有的单词拼写十分类似,如果不注意区分,使用起来就非常别扭,甚至闹出笑话。 比如,technology和technique混用。Technology指的是科技,而technique指的是技巧和技能。 还需要注意的一点是,不要追求直接把中文文本翻译成英文。

如何提高英文论文用词的准确性

要做到英文论文用词准确,那么就要做到以下几点,力求用词生动、简洁、多样性和具体。

1. 善用Action Verb,做到用词生动

在英文论文写作中,应该尽可能选择短小有力的action verb,才能写出生动有力的文章。比如说,如果想要表达“让某事变得更快”,你第一想法可能是“make it faster”,但是如果我们用动词accelerate来替代的话,会使整个表达更加生动。下面我们再来看两个例子:

His criminal record made him unable to be admitted to the university.

His criminal record disqualified him from being admitted to the university.

我们可以用disqualify来代替make sb unable to。

Ecological imbalances is the biggest threat to the survival of wild animals and plants.

Ecological imbalances threaten the survival of wild animals and plants, even human beings.

用Threaten代替is a threat to,不仅表达更加生动,整体行文也更简洁有力。

2. 用词简洁

澳洲论文代写 用词简洁

英文写作中用词简洁有很多方式,下面我们举几个例子,为大家拓展一下思路。

(一)He crashed down on a chair which produced a protesting sound.

He crashed down on a protesting chair.

这个句子中将定语从句简化为一个分词短语,来修饰名词成分。

(二)My daughter had to change schools when my work schedule was busy and this made it necessary for me to move houses.

My daughter had to change schools when my busy schedule made it necessary for me to move houses.

用形容词短语代替从句。有时候,单独的形容词就可以表示复杂的意思。

The road was frozen and slippery and one could hardly see clearly, so the road accident was caused.

Icy road and poor visibility led to the accident.

(三)He spends nearly 3 hours on watching sports events. The fact that he was completely absorbed in sport interfered with his studies.

He spends nearly 3 hours on watching sports events. His complete absorption interfered with his studies.

在这里,使用抽象名词,大大简化了句子。让我们再看一个例子:

He is capable, easygoing and works efficiently. He will surely be promoted.

His aptitude, personality and efficiency guarantee his promotion.

3. 善用替换词,做到用词多样性

丰富的词汇变换手段包括使用同义词、近义词和指代词。

同义词/近义词的使用比如:I first heard this tale shortly after the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). Later someone told me that the story appeared in a travel magazine.

指代词的使用就更常见了。比如:Perhaps is will suffice to mention the nuclear bomb. Imagine the effect on a reasonably advanced technological society, one that still does not possess the bomb, of making it aware of the possibility, of supplying sufficient details to enable the thing to be constructed.

4. 用词具体

澳洲论文代写 用词具体

中国学生在写论文的时候有一个很大的问题就是用词非常笼统,而使用具体的词汇是使文章生动的又一方法。

比如:She had straight A’s and scholarship offers from some of the most prestigious universities in the country.

She had straight A’s and scholarship offers from some of Stanford and Cornell.

在第二句句子中,详细具体地指出了学校的名称。在写作中,要有意识的选择具体的词汇。比如,表达“说”,除了最常见的“say”或“speak”之外,还有很多表达方式,包括exclaim (大声说)、 blurt (脱口而出)、stammer (结结巴巴说)等。表达“笑”,除了最常见的“smile”或”laugh “,还有snicker (窃笑)、snort (讽刺、轻蔑地笑)、smirk(傻笑;假笑)、giggle (咯咯地笑)、grin(咧嘴而笑)、chuckle(轻声笑)。

英文论文常见的表达方式

1、表达观点

这些句型在英文论文写作中非常实用,因为我们通常在写作中都要表达自己的观点,或者引述他人的观点。

somebody(sb.) suggested that…

advocated that…

propose that…

observed that…

has stated that…

As sb. points out that…

argues that…

concluded that…

researchers have asserted that…

2、It is 和There be 句型

这两个句型在英文论文写作中也是很常见的。

It is tempting to ask whether …

It is fairly straightforward to observe that…

There is growing recognition that…

There may be a pressing need for…

3、 词语的替换

以下是一些替换词,可以帮你增加写作多样性。

make sure // ascertain

come from // stem from

full of // fraught with // be loaded with

similarly // in a similar vein

it is very likely that // there is a very good chance that

explain // elucidate

therefore // thereby

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